Görkem Bakkaloğlu Profesyonel Nörokoç (ICF) • İnsan Kaynakları Profesyoneli (MA) • Eğitimci firstname.lastname@example.org Mindsef Koçluk & Danışmanlık • mind • sense • form Instagram, LinkedIn, Youtube: @gorkembakkaloglu @mindsefcoaching
Çeviriler sırasında gözüme çarpan veya derslerde önemini gördüğüm başlıklarda kısa kısa İngilizce...
*Would Would you mind turning your music down a little? Would you mind opening the door? would prefer, would rather Would you mind if I opened the window? Would you mind if I didn't go out with you tonight? Past Tense-Present
*need Infinitive-Gerund Medvedev needs to improve his volleys. My jacket needs cleaning. My jacket needs to be cleaned. These chairs need repairing. This is a very hard problem. It needs thinking.
crowd & crowded. The play drew a small but appreciative crowd. The children crowded around the TV. a crowded bus. This place is very crowded. -ed, tired, bored.
*already, still, yet, just, ever, never. I wasn't hungry. I had just had lunch. He had already left when I got to the court.
I love you very much. I love you so much. I love you so much that I can do anything you want. I love you too much. fairly, quite, rather, pretty
Adverbs/Adverbials of Time. Present Perfect Tense. already. just. yet. recently. Have you seen him recently? in the last months/weeks/years/centuries/century. last month - Past Tense.
*hang Regular or irregular. merriam-webster.com 1) hang-hung. 2) hang-hanged. I hung a portrait of Karl Marx on the wall. After work, she hung out in the pub. They hanged the prisoner. They hanged the prisoner and hung him in the square under the curious eyes of the public.
*I wish. I wish I were a basketball player. I wish I had been a basketball player. I wish you didn't have to work today. I wish I hadn't eaten too much
*some. Being an unspecified number or quantity: Some people came into the room. Would you like some sugar? Some 40 people attended the rally. That was some raining! Some scorer.
Relative clauses. The park in which we played tennis yesterday was awesome. Yesterday we played tennis in a park. The park was awesome.
*go on. gerund-infinitive. Nadal went on playing tennis. After Nadal finished his homework, he went on to play tennis. went on doing; went on to do (past hali). Nadal would go on to win the French Open on a further few occasions.
*may/might. Perhaps. He may/might be at home. Perhaps he is at home. I may/might be playing tennis. Perhaps I'm playing tennis. Past. Modals + Verb1. Present Perfect. She may have slept. Perhaps she slept. I may have left my bag in the shop. Perhaps I left my bag in the shop. Continuous. He might have been sleeping. Perhaps he was sleeping.…
*to try. try to do something. I tried to open the window but I couldn't. You should try. Try cutting the red one. I didn't like the way the furniture was arranged, so I tried moving the table to the other side of the room. Have you tried changing the battery?
*Present Perfect.Past Perfect.Past Perfect Continuous.After I had come home, I called Victoria.When I came home Victoria had gone.When I came home Victoria went.
*grave grave wound a grave defect gravity grave consequence; seriousness or importance:
*Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Future Perfect Past Tense I broke my arm last week I have broken my arm.
*utter to utter thefreedictionary speak, pronounce adjective complete, absolute, entire utter the truth the utter truth the other truth utter nonsense, darkness
*And but; on the contrary: He tried to run five miles and couldn't. He had made a little circle to look at the house in Browne Street. And it was already sold. Ahmet is an engineer; and Ayşe is a doctor. ...a recognition of its literary models is often important and sometimes essential; We played tennis and went home. And is there any reason why th…
*quite, quiet, rather, fairly.
*to be I'm a student. I was a student. Present Perfect Tense. Past Perfect Tense. Continuous Tenses.
* vacation vs. vocation.thefreedictionary.comvacation, holiday, vacate, vacant.vocationA regular occupation, occupy, call, callingb. Theology A calling of an individual by God, especially for a religious career.
*If Conditionals ya da If Clauses. If Clause 2. If there were no schools / If it were not for schools, I would laudably preside over the ministry of education. “If there are no schools”. would / could / might. Present Perfect kalıbı
*to inform. thefreedictionary.com
*Past Perfect Tense. I had done. Simple Past Tense. Past & Present
assume thefreedictionary.com v.tr. - transitive verb assumption -to take upon oneself; undertake or accept: to assume responsibility. -to take over the duties or responsibilities of: to assume the office of treasurer. -to adopt: to assume the role of patron of the arts. -to seize; usurp: to assume control.…
*Continuous Tenses. in the middle of something. Evrensel Continuous formülü: to be + Gerund, yani Verb-ing. I'm waiting. I’ve been waiting. I was waiting. I had been waiting.
*conceive v.tr. - transitive verb To become pregnant with (offspring) To form or develop in the mind. To apprehend mentally; understand. conception Formation of a viable zygote by the union of the male sperm and female ovum. contraception contraceptive
*could can'in past hali was/were able to We had no idea what Proust was talking about in that passage, but we were able to understand in the end. Sampras was an excellent tennis player, he could beat anyone. Sampras was an excellent tennis player, but he was able to beat Hewitt only a few times.
Genel bir kural olarak, sözlükten anlam öğrenilir, karşılık değil. *pity noun verb transitive thefreedictionary.com merriam-webster.com tureng.com zargan.com
*Had better Burada have'in past hali değildir had. You had better take your umbrella. It might rain. This cake is delicious. You should taste it.
The person you have called cannot be reached at the moment.ReductionRelative ClauseThe person [that] you have called cannot be reached at the moment.Özdüşünümlülük!
*But However Nevertheless Nonetheless How-ever Never-the-less None-the-less And yet Yet
*Would will'in past'ı? It would be nice to live in another country, but I don't have enough money. Shall I tell him what happened? No, I wouldn't say anything. Would & If Perfect kalıbı: Özne +would + have + Verb3 If Raptors had signed Ibaka, they would have been a contender. Olmasaydın, olmazdık kalıbı = would have V3. counterfactuality – karşıolg…
*Previously. Formerly. I used to beat you (but now I cannot). This building is now a shopping-mall. It used to be a cinema. to be I'm used to playing tennis every day.
The ve a/an. The kimi zaman Türkçede belirtili nesneye denk düşer. There are three windows. Could you please open a window? There is only one window. Could you please open the window? The young. The unemployed. The dead. The injured. The rich are the biggest problem in the world. The French. The Chinese. The English. The Japanese. Italians, Turks, …
Gerund-Infinitive. Proust'ta olduğu gibi İngilizcede de hatırlamak zordur. *Remember I want to play. I like swimming. I remember playing basketball in high school. I remember to do something. I remember doing something. I remember calling her. I remember to call her. Remember, remember, the fifth of November. Remember to lock the door.…
Tense (kip) ayrı, zaman (time) ayrıdır. Tense'ler zamanı değil, zamanla kurulan özel ilişki biçimini ifade eder. Toplumların zaman mefhumları farklıdır. Türkçe ne kadar geçmiş ağırlıklıysa, İngilizce de şimdi ağırlıklıdır. Chomsky: Anadil edinilen bir dildir. *Present Perfect Tense
İngilizce zamanı ikiye ayırır: Şimdi (gelecek de dahil) ve geçmiş. İngilizcede geçmiş geçmişte kalmıştır. William Faulkner'a değil, Oscar Wilde'a kulak verelim. *I have forgotten your name.
Uzakdoğuda bir söz vardır: "Hayatta hatırlanması gereken iki şey; yalnızken düşüncelerine dikkat et, insanlarla birlikteyken sözlerine dikkat et" Tüm dünyayı ve içinde ülkemizi de etkileyen Corona virüsü nedeniyle virüsün yayılmaması için -alınacak en önemli tebdirlerin başında- evlerimizde kalmamız gerekiyor. Zihnin işi düşünmektir! Peki bu evde k…
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